Naphtali () () was, according to the Book of Genesis, the second son of Jacob and Bilhah, and the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Naphtali; however some Biblical scholars view this as postdiction, an eponymous metaphor providing an aetiology of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. The text of the Torah argues that the name of Naphtali refers to the struggle between Rachel and Leah for the favours of Jacob; Bilhah was the handmaid of Rachel, who had thought herself to be infertile, and had persuaded Jacob to have a child with Bilhah as a proxy for having one with herself.
In the Biblical account, Bilhah's status as a handmaid, rather than an actual wife of Jacob, is regarded by biblical scholars as indicating that the authors saw the tribe of Naphtali as being not of entirely Israelite origin; this may have been the result of a typographic error, as the names of Naphtali and Issachar appear to have changed places elsewhere in the text, and the birth narrative of Naphtali and Issachar is regarded by textual scholars as having been spliced together from its sources in a manner which has highly corrupted the narrative. with their descendants remaining there until the Exodus.
According to the apocryphal Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs, he died aged 137 and was buried in Egypt.
naphtali in Danish: Naftali
naphtali in Modern Greek (1453-): Νεφθαλί (πρόσωπο)
naphtali in Spanish: Neftalí
naphtali in Persian: نفتالی
naphtali in French: Nephtali
naphtali in Indonesian: Naftali
naphtali in Hebrew: נפתלי
naphtali in Dutch: Naftali
naphtali in Polish: Naftali (postać biblijna)
naphtali in Portuguese: Naftali
naphtali in Russian: Неффалим
naphtali in Swedish: Naftali (israelisk stamfader)
naphtali in Chinese: 拿弗他利